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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines

Manuscripts should be written in simple, concise and grammatical English (Either UK or US spellings but not a mixture), within the size limits specified for each type of article, prepared according to the guidelines below. You can download the template here. The manuscripts should be written for a worldwide readership including many in non-English speaking countries. Authors whose first language is not English must have their manuscripts proofread by other colleagues.

Please follow these guidelines when preparing your manuscripts.

  • Use Times New Roman font size 12 or equivalent and single space.
  • Provide unjustified text and inactivate auto-hyphenation.
  • DO NOT embed figures, tables or any other non-textual features or footnotes in the main text body. Figures and tables may be added at the end of the manuscript text.
  • Greek and other special characters may be used but these should be inserted in the text (e.g., using the Symbol menu in Microsoft Word) and not by changing English characters into Symbol font which may be lost during subsequent file processing. DO NOT USE ‘SYMBOL’ FONT. However, if you are unable to reproduce a particular special character, please type out the name in full.

The manuscripts should be prepared and submitted using any of the following file formats:

  • Microsoft Word (.doc)(any recent version)
  • PDF (.pdf)
  • Rich Text Format (.rtf)

Users of other word processing packages should save or convert their files to Rich Text Format before submitting them.  There is no limit for the number of pages for articles, but the following guidelines are recommended.

* Includes supplementary data

Manuscripts submitted to the journal should be organized into the following sections:


  • Title Page
  • Abstract and Keywords
  • Introduction
  • Main text, divided into subheadings
  • Conclusions
  • Acknowledgments
  • Statement of Competing Interests
  • List of Abbreviations
  • References
  • Figure Legends
  • Tables


 Template 2019


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